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Vikings knew the area around Arkhangelsk as Bjarmaland.  Ohthere of Hålogaland told circa 890 of his travels in an area by a river and the White Sea with many buildings.  This could be the place later known as Arkhangelsk.

Engine9 CC BY-SA 2.5
Archangel port information

Georg Pik Public Domain

Archangel is the English name for the Russian city of Arkhangelsk, lying on both banks of the Northern Dvina River near its exit into the White Sea.  Archangel was important during the World War II, along with Murmansk as the destination of the Arctic convoys. which was an important supply route for Russia.

Today the city is a major port on the White Sea which is kept open by Ice Breakers.  With global warming affecting the arctic icecap the possibility of northern route to the East is becoming a reality.  Until St Petersberg was established in the eighteenth centuary, Archangel was the main focus of sea trade between Russia and Europe.  It had another set back when the port of Murmask rose to prominence in the early 20th centuary due it being largely free of ice.

link description
www.google.co.uk/maps/@64.5658384,40.5081464,1231m/data=!3m1!1e3?hl=en Berth at Archangel.
en.wikivoyage.org/wiki/Archangel wikivoyage guide to Archangel.
www.whatsinport.com Archangel page
www.arhcity.ru/ Official web site (Russian).
A/V-ARH4.htm Archangel Panorama V-ARH4 Voyages of Discovery 2015.

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